Occupational Health & Safety
Joint International Labor organisation and World Health Organisation Committee’s definition of occupational health
"Occupational health should aim at: the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to summarize: the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job."
Note: This definition has been adopted by the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) and features in the 2002 update of the International Code of Ethics for Occupational Health Professionals.
Key principles of Occupational Health and Safety
Occupational Safety and Health in India
The Government of India has enacted statutes relating to Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) at workplaces namely
At present, comprehensive safety and health statutes for regulating OSH at work places exist only in respect of the four sectors namely, mining, factories, ports, and construction. Occupational Safety and Health is one of the subjects allotted to Ministry of Labour & Employment under the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules. The Ministry of Labour &Employment, Govt. of India & Labour Departments of the States and Union Territories are responsible for the safety & health of the workers.
(Taken from Planning Commission Working group report 2012-17)